International movement for a new Museology

Mouvement international pour une nouvelle Muséologie

Movimiento internacional para una nueva Museología

Museum under new direction


Mario Chagas emphasizes actions around the regulars in the newly initiated management. 

From today to Sunday, the 16th National Museum Week takes place, sponsored by the Brazilian Institute of Museums (Ibram), which provides for three thousand activities in the 1,130 institutions in Brazil. The Republic Museum joins the calendar with a new director. Newly inducted and approved by competition, the 61-year-old museologist and poet Mario Chagas, a specialist in Museography and cultural technician, replaces Magaly Cabral, who asked to be exonerated in July and left the post in March. Chagas is also ahead of the Rio Negro Palace Museum, in Petrópolis.

The new management, which extends until 2021, promises a sensitive change in the routine and programming of the Museum of the Republic and its gardens, which form one of the main cultural facilities of the city. In the 32,000-square-meter park, families, the elderly and the young - most of them resident in the neighborhood and in the surrounding regions - have a unique relationship of belonging, whether for the green area or for the cultural attractions offered at the contemporary art, without forgetting the patrimony of the Palace of Catete, guardian of the republican history, that was seat of 1897 to 1960 of the Executive Power. To get an idea, only on weekends, 4,000 people visit the place.

In this new management, Chagas intends to combine the implantation of the first Center of Social Museology of Brazil, one of the main actions of its agenda, which also includes debates, exhibitions and seminars on the 30 years of the Citizen Constitution (1998-2018). among other projects. Little known, the practice of Social Museology is linked to human rights and citizenship, in tune with social movements. The expression appeared for the first time in 1993, in Portugal.

"From then on, we have appropriated this thought in Brazil and we have peculiar characteristics here. It is that in the country we have fertile ground to implant concrete practices and effective experiences that have been drawing attention even outside the country, "explains the director, who is a reference in the subject here and abroad. He participated in the creation of the Maré Museum, the Living Museum of São Bento in Duque de Caxias, and the Favela Museum (which includes Pavão-Pavãozinho and Cantagalo), and is the president of the International Movement for New Museology (Minom). affiliated to the International Council of Museums.

'It is allowed to step on the grass' Understanding the museum linked to human rights and citizenship can start with small changes. How to step on the grass, what Mario Chagas wanted to happen, even before taking office. Today he says he feels pleasantly a "garden prosecutor." Visitors are allowed to enjoy the green area 100%. "I really wanted to see this happening, the use of the grass is an extraordinary beauty!", He celebrates.

Accustomed to walks through the alleys, the director finds there the organizers of one of the eight seresta wheels, which are held in the afternoon and evening, from Tuesday to Sunday. They have been forming over the last 25 years, since the miner of Manhumirim Rivaldo Figueiredo, commonly known as 'his Vivi', arrived with the cavaquinho and went to the entrance, near the gate of Silveira Martins Street.

He began to gather people, and the elders became followers. "He was a homemaker at a plastic surgery clinic in Botafogo and a self-taught musician. I cried with joy when I found this group. After he was fired he was left with no place to live and for seven years we gathered to pay his rent, "recalls Helen Souza, longing for his friend. "This is the backyard of our house," he said. Frequented mainly by the elderly, the wheel of serestas is more than a meeting point, serves as an instrument of socialization and well-being.

"Music wheels mean a lot. They will be the object of an ethnographic survey, a study that will point out information about the residents of the region, "says Chagas, who, on a Sunday in May, circulated around the gardens to greet the serenade's visitors in the alley next to the bandstand. He introduced himself and talked about the steps he intends to follow in the direction of the museum.

As the retired systems analyst Gilmar Santana, with his head tantan, entered the conversation ready. "We have stock of photographs and videos that can help you," he said, before thanking them for their attention. A resident of Rua Pedro Américo, Gilmar discovered seresta in 1995. There he cured the depression of the woman's death. "What we do here is therapeutic and social." Retired and visually impaired Waldir Domingues Lopes, 68, agrees. Whenever he visits his mother, who lives on Rua Barão de Guaratiba, he passes by to stop there. "We feel included here," he said.

Mother of the poet Eucanaã Ferraz, the painter from Pernambuco Lourdes Ferraz, 79, is one of the organizers of another serenade, that of Tuesday. In addition to singing and dancing, she always has a smile on her face. "I lived in Tijuca and moved to Buarque de Macedo Street. One day, as it happened, a girl informed me of the music. I never stopped coming here, I met friends and Eucanaã comes sometimes. "

The economist Miguel Zogahib organizes the seresta of the quarters. "I think it's one of the best places in town. It is a safe place, there is plenty of oxygen and the meeting here is like a big family, "says Zogahib, a resident of Rua Corrêa Dutra. Cinema refuses to exhibit blockbuster In addition to serestas, another point that attracts the public in the gardens is the Cine Museum, a 75-seat room that features art films for a faithful audience, especially the female audience, and above 45 years old. The concession has been in place since 2014 with Adil Tiscati and Fernanda Oliveira, who founded Grupo Casal (they also own Cine Santa, Cine Candido Mendes, Cine Carioca Nova Brasília and Cine Casal, former Barra Point).

"A resident of Santa Teresa, I did not know the gardens of the museum. Today, I play around that is Central Park of Catete, because it is an extremely welcoming garden for all types of public, "comments Adil. In his film, "Star Wars" does not appear: "The level of exigency is impressive and it is the highest frequency between the rooms that we manage. They are elderly ladies, widows, who prefer dramas and films about human relations, people who want an excellent photograph, for example. Juliete Binoche's film, which was considered 'relationship discussion', the popular 'DR' in most of the circuit, in the museum's cinema was seen as a masterpiece, "he says.

As Adil directed it, there are employees of the surrounding companies who circulate around the garden during lunch hours, mothers who take their young children for sunbathing or for recreation on the toys near the gate entrance of Praia do Flamengo, tourists who take the opportunity to take photos, among others. Anyway, the museum is always open arms for its visitors. And Chagas wants more, especially investing in what his team can offer. "She is made up of nine doctors and eight masters. We have the potential to advance very much and in many aspects, "he says. Throughout his work plan, presented while applying for the vacancy, he reported to the founding of the museum in 1960.

"The attempt to define the Museum of the Republic only as a 'historical museum' corresponds to a drive for suffocation, or a desire to fix anchors in a shallow zone of comfort." In practice, he preaches the decolonization of museums. He wants them to go from necrophiles, to dead works, to biophiles, a place of life.

Article of MÔNICA RIANI, monica.riani@jb.com.br, to Jornal do Brasil - Read here in portuguese.